Angela's English classes

Exercises, resources, tips, ideas and a dose of fun


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CATWALK! – gait vocabulary

Warriors from Erin Hunter was a book I had attempted to buy at a book fair here in Lima. They were selling the Spanish translation of the first book. So many people had bought the first book and I wasn’t going to buy the second without reading the first! I finally got all the first volume in English from Amazon. Now I am reading  during my commute without getting dizzy which I was never able to do before. This first book inspired me to write about the differences between some verbs about how cats move and their gait – the  manner of walking, stepping, or running.  The word gait is commonly used when refering to any of the ways by which a horse can move by lifting its feet the feet in different order or rhythm. 

Gallop:

It’s the the fastest pace of a horse or other quadruped. In full gallop horses can reach 88 km/h whereas cats can reach 48 km/h. Information from: http://www.speedofanimals.com/

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Horse 1 by pictures animations

Canter:

A smooth gait that is slower than a gallop but faster than a trot. Forward going at mid-speed allows a controllable walk while trot, canter and gallop and provide some jump.

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Horse 25 by pictures animation

Trot:

Any four-legged animal trots by  running at a slow speed. When people trot somewhere it means they go there in a busy way. A student in the morning turned her walk into a trot as she she realized she may arrive late. Most of the time I trot to the bus stop, too.

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Horse trotting by http://www.picturesanimations.com/

Stalk:

You’ll be reminded of the word ‘stalker’, someone who follows or observes a person persistently. Animals do this when they track prey by moving slowly and quietly. This is also done this when walking with a stiff, haughty, or angry gait.

Cat_stalking_birds

“Cat stalking birds” by Forbush, Edward Howe, (1858-1929) – The domestic cat; bird killer, mouser and destroyer of wild life; means of utilizing and controlling it. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cat_stalking_birds.png#/media/File:Cat_stalking_birds.png

Bound:

Playful cats bound by leaping forward or upward. With one effortless bound a cat can jump over a fence. Moreover, they bound to catch prey. Bounding involves running or walking in a series of jumps or leaps
cats-558077_64088x31

Amble:

When someone ambles he /she walks at a leisurely and relaxed pace. Perhaps you want to browse around a shopping arcade and amble or you might be focused on your thoughts and amble slowly.

 500px-Descriptive_Zoopraxography_Elephant_Ambling_Animated_12
Descriptive Zoopraxography Elephant Ambling Animated 13 retrieved from commons.wikimedia.org

Scamper:

This means to run or go quickly, lightly and often playfully. For instance, children scamper in the playground while playing hide and seek or when looking for Easter eggs.

Stride:

To walk with long steps, especially in a hasty or vigorous way.  Imagine you are on the street and your spouse is angry at you. He or she might stride to leave  you behind. Have you ever done that?
 man-309875_64088x31
Some links with interesting information:
Horse gaits at Gaits of the horse 
Robinson Visual Science: Walker’s stride
Image library of nature and pets: www.warrenphotograhic.co.uk
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Writing: Express an opinion on animal treatment – Intermediate 7

The pre-writing task was done in class. In order to convince or persuade people it’s essential to include facts, evidence and expert’s opinions. Do some research when you have made up your mind about the issue you will deal with.

Writing Strategies:

Using Evidence to Strengthen Your Arguments (from Prof. Allison Pease’s Writing Center workshop)

Extra Writing Skills Practice

ZOOS:

Reuters: zoos

National Geographic: interview – San Diego zoo

Arguments for and against zoos

Zoos and conservation

A mother’s view on zoos and an alternatives

ANIMALS IN ENTERTAINMENT:

BBC: using animals in entertainment

 PETA animals in entertainment factsheets

ASPCA animals in entertainmente

Pros and cons of animals in circuses

Animal conservation organizations in Peru:

These organizations provide alternatives to get in touch with wild animals

Fundación Ballena Azul – Peru

ORCA – Peru

Mundo Azul

Amazon Shelter

 Next remember to follow these steps when writing:

  1.  Think about the introduction. State what the situation is in an impersonal way.
  2. Think of at two or three reasons to support your opinion.
  3. Reflect on the possible arguments against them.
  4. Work on your conclusion. You final statement expresses your personal opinion.
  5. Write a draft. Use the ideas you wrote in your plan. Make sure you include the grammar and vocabulary from the unit.
  6. Use a formal style: no contractions or colloquial expressions. Formal style – Yale University
  7. Check for grammar, punctuation or spelling mistakes.

Featured image:

“Animal Rights Memorial – Sherborn, Massachusetts – DSC02932 (cropped 2)” by Daderot – Daderot. Licensed under CC0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Animal_Rights_Memorial_-_Sherborn,_Massachusetts_-_DSC02932_(cropped_2).jpg#/media/File:Animal_Rights_Memorial_-_Sherborn,_Massachusetts_-_DSC02932_(cropped_2).jpg